Nature is full of patterns and textures on all scales. Find them as you explore the world with your camera.
Line direction equals mood: Vertical lines emphasize power, horizontal lines suggest serenity, and diagonal lines can be dynamic. Tree trunks, sand dunes, icicles, and the patchworks of farmland as viewed from a plane all offer interesting patterns. They can be the entire image or can offer leading lines to the main subject.
** An interrupting element boosts the power of the pattern.** For example, a rock protruding from ripples in the water or a tree of a different color from its surroundings.
A long lens compresses distance between objects.** A wide-angle lens at a low viewing angle makes the foreground elements appear of grand scale.
Adapted from The Ultimate Field Guide to Landscape Photography by Robert Caputo (National Geographic, 2007; $22).